Ultra-thin polymer foil cryogenic window for antiproton deceleration and storage

authored by
B. M. Latacz, B. P. Arndt, J. A. Devlin, S. R. Erlewein, M. Fleck, J. I. Jäger, P. Micke, G. Umbrazunas, E. Wursten, F. Abbass, D. Schweitzer, M. Wiesinger, C. Will, H. Yildiz, K. Blaum, Y. Matsuda, A. Mooser, C. Ospelkaus, C. Smorra, A. Sótér, W. Quint, J. Walz, Y. Yamazaki, S. Ulmer

We present the design and characterization of a cryogenic window based on an ultra-thin aluminized biaxially oriented polyethylene terephthalate foil at T < 10 K, which can withstand a pressure difference larger than 1 bar at a leak rate < 1 × 1 0 − 9 mbar l/s. Its thickness of ∼1.7 μm makes it transparent to various types of particles over a broad energy range. To optimize the transfer of 100 keV antiprotons through the window, we tested the degrading properties of different aluminum coated polymer foils of thicknesses between 900 and 2160 nm, concluding that 1760 nm foil decelerates antiprotons to an average energy of 5 keV. We have also explicitly studied the permeation as a function of coating thickness and temperature and have performed extensive thermal and mechanical endurance and stress tests. Our final design integrated into the experiment has an effective open surface consisting of seven holes with a diameter of 1 mm and will transmit up to 2.5% of the injected 100 keV antiproton beam delivered by the Antiproton Decelerator and Extra Low ENergy Antiproton ring facility of CERN.

Institute of Quantum Optics
External Organisation(s)
Ulmer Fundamental Symmetries Laboratory
Max Planck Institute for Nuclear Physics
GSI Helmholtz Centre for Heavy Ion Research
University of Tokyo
ETH Zurich
Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz
National Metrology Institute of Germany (PTB)
Heinrich-Heine-Universität Düsseldorf
Review of scientific instruments
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Peer reviewed
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Electronic version(s)
https://doi.org/10.48550/arXiv.2308.1287 (Access: Open)
https://doi.org/10.1063/5.0167262 (Access: Open)