Motional heating of spatially extended ion crystals

authored by
D. Kalincev, L. S. Dreissen, A. P. Kulosa, C. H. Yeh, H. A. Fürst, Tanja E. Mehlstäubler

We study heating of motional modes of a single ion and of extended ion crystals trapped in a linear radio frequency (rf) Paul trap with a precision of Δ ṅ ≈ 0.1 phonons s-1. Single-ion axial and radial heating rates are consistent and electric field noise has been stable over the course of four years. At a secular frequency of ω sec = 2π × 620 kHz, we measure ṅ = 0.56 (6) phonons s-1 per ion for the center-of-mass (com) mode of linear chains of up to 11 ions and observe no significant heating of the out-of-phase (oop) modes. By displacing the ions away from the nodal line, inducing excess micromotion, rf noise heats the com mode quadratically as a function of radial displacement r by phonons s-1 μm-2 per ion, while the oop modes are protected from rf-noise induced heating in linear chains. By changing the quality factor of the resonant rf circuit from Q = 542 to Q = 204, we observe an increase of rf noise by a factor of up to 3. We show that the rf-noise induced heating of motional modes of extended crystals also depends on the symmetry of the crystal and of the mode itself. As an example, we consider several 2D and 3D crystal configurations. Heating rates of up to 500 ph s-1 are observed for individual modes, giving rise to a total kinetic energy increase and thus a fractional time dilation shift of up to -0.3 × 10-18 s-1 of the total system. In addition, we detail how the excitation probability of the individual ions is reduced and decoherence is increased due to the Debye-Waller effect.

Institute of Quantum Optics
CRC 1227 Designed Quantum States of Matter (DQ-mat)
External Organisation(s)
National Metrology Institute of Germany (PTB)
Quantum Science and Technology
Publication date
Publication status
Peer reviewed
ASJC Scopus subject areas
Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics, Materials Science (miscellaneous), Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous), Electrical and Electronic Engineering
Electronic version(s) (Access: Open) (Access: Open)